Name: ASVAGANDHA or Ashwagandha
Botanical name: Withania somnifera (Linn.) Dunal.
Ashvagandha in Sanskrit means “smelling like a horse”, probably originating from the odor of its fresh root which resembles that of a sweaty horse. Ashvagandha is a well known anti-stress herb. The species name somnifera means "sleep-bearing" in Latin, indicating it was considered a sedative, but it has been also used for sexual vitality and as an adaptogen. It is also popularly known as Indian Ginseng.
Asvagandha, Varahakarni,Vajigandha, Varahika, Varahakarni
Rasa : Kashaya, Tikta (bitter, pungent, and sweet taste)
Guna : Laghu, Snigda (light and unctuous)
Virya : Ushna (Hot in active principle)
English : Winter cherry
Hindi : Asgandh, Punir
Malayalam : Amukkuram
Samm Al Ferakh
Useful part: Root and Leaves. Root is used mostly as powder and in decoction.
Plant pacifies vitiated vata, nerve weakness, impotency, oligospermia and arthritis. The roots are aphrodisiac and stimulant, widely used in many ayurvedic formulae. Plant has immuno-stimulant action. A unique herb with anti-stress adaptogenic action that leads to better physical fitness and helps cope with life's daily stress.
It increases physiological endurance and protects against effects of stress.
It is especially beneficial in stress related disorders such as arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, and premature aging.
Ashwagandha is used with different adjuvants to gain particular properties independently, such as with milk. According to many researches, it was a statistically significant overall increase in the level of white blood cell activation. This is important, since these cells play a critical role in the body’s response to the flu, the mumps or tumors. So, Milk or warm water or Fruit Juice can be used as adjuvant while using the powdered form of Ashwagandha.
These actions are found in ancient history itself such as it is used for controlling Tremors, Inflammation, Infectious Diseases, Longevity, Sexual Enhancing etc.
The active ingredients in Ashwagandha are alkaloids and withanoloids.
Withanoloids consist of steroidal molecules which act to fight inflammation. It is believed that it it helps to increase the production of bone marrow, semen, and inhibits the aging process.
In biochemistry studies it has been found that there many compounds which are helpful for physiological functioning. Those are Alkaloids, Somniferin (hypnotic activity), Steroidal Lactones such as Withanolides, Withanoferins, Saponins, Iron, resin, fat, coloring matters, a reducing sugar, phytosterol, Ipuranol and a mixture of saturated and unsaturated acids.
Always one should note that safer dosage is always ideal to maintain healthy life style.
Root powder: 2-5 gm. or half teaspoon.
Leaves powder: 2-5 gm. or half teaspoon.
Extract of Root which are available in the form of capsules: 250-500 mg.
There are some medicine preparations like Ashwagandha lehyam which is used 5 gm twice daily, and Ashwagandharishtam which is in liquid form, dosage is 30 ml twice daily.
The cardiac protective action is exerted by helping in ischemic and reperfusion injury. It supports focal ischemia as well. Studies shows it is having hypoglycemic, diuretic and cholesterol lowering activity. It supports well in diabetes. Diabetes induced oxidative damage in brain and diabetes induced cataract respond well to this ashwagandha. The combination of ashwagandha & aloe vera supports diabetes induced oxidative damage in brain.